- UNITED NATIONS
- EUROPEAN POLICY DEVELOPMENTS
- NATIONAL DEVELOPMENTS
- HEALTH CARE
- LABOUR AND FAIR WORKING CONDITIONS
- UNDOCUMENTED WOMEN
- UNDOCUMENTED CHILDREN AND THEIR FAMILIES
- DETENTION AND DEPORTATION
- PUBLICATIONS AND OTHER RESOURCES
- OTHER NEWS
GREECE / Naval Court of Piraeus formally closes Farmakonisi investigation
The prosecutor of the Naval Court of Piraeus formally shelved the investigation of the case of a controversial coast guard operation off the Greek island of Farmakonisi in January 2014, which resulted in the drowning of 11 Afghan women and three children (See PICUM Bulletin, 27 January 2014). The Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, Nils Muižnieks, expressed his concern over the issue and urged Greek authorities to take more resolute efforts to ensure accountability for this tragedy. The Greek Council for Refugees, the Hellenic League for Human Rights, the Network of Social Support for Refugees and Migrants, and the Group of Lawyers for the Rights of Refugees and Migrants asked for the investigation to be reopened and declared that, if necessary, they would seek justice before the European Court of Human Rights. In July, Greek coast guards rescued dozens of migrants in several operations in the Aegean Sea.
Source: Ekathimerini, 1 August 2014 ; Ekathimerini, 25 July 2014
ITALY / Five migrants arrested for allegedly killing other migrants on a boat to Sicily
Five men from Syria, Morocco and Saudi Arabia were arrested in the city of Messina, Sicily, for allegedly killing nearly 60 migrants who were travelling on the same boat to Italy. The boat departed from Libya on 17 July 2014 with approximately 700 migrants on board. According to the survivors, riots erupted when people crammed in the ship’s hold began to panic because they could not breathe, due to the high temperatures and the fumes from the boat’s motor. As they tried to get out from the compartment, the five arrested men allegedly started beating and kicking others and randomly stabbed them to death and threw them into the sea. About 29 migrants who were kept in the hold of the boat suffocated and their bodies were found on the vessel when it reached Messina. Survivors reported that another 90 people drowned during the crossing. The alleged perpetrators were recognised by the survivors and were apprehended by the police in Sicily. Meanwhile, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, António Guterres, urged European governments on 24 July 2014 to step up efforts to rescue and host migrants who cross the Mediterranean, in response to the death toll reaching 800 in the Mediterranean this year.
Sources: La Repubblica, 23 July 2014; Il Tempo, 23 July 2014; The Local, 24 July 2014
LIBYA / Plans for partnership with the EU to deter irregular migrants
The Libyan government and the EU are discussing plans to deter irregular migrants from coming to Europe through Libya. Prime Minister Abdullah Al-Thinni addressed irregular migration in connection to politics, national security and human rights during a meeting with EU officials on 11 July 2014. The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) expressed concern about the safety of migrants and asylum seekers when violence escalated in the country. Of the 88,000 people estimated to have arrived in Italy by boat so far in 2014, about 77,000 are believed to have departed from Libya. Human Rights Watch (HRW) recently released findings showing that migrants have been systematically tortured and abused in detention centres in Libya (see PICUM Bulletin 30 June 2014)
Sources: South Africa Today, 12 July 2014; Malta Today, 8 August 2014
REPORT / “The Human Cost of Fortress Europe”
Amnesty International released a report entitled “The Human Cost of Fortress Europe: Human Rights Violations Against Migrants and Refugees at Europe’s Border” on 9 July 2014. The report examines the key provisions of the EU’s border protection policies and illustrates how such policies are putting not only migrants’ rights, but also their lives at risk. The report puts the overall amounts spent on protection policies and return of migrants in the context of the disproportionately lower amounts spent on their protection in the EU, and rejects the myth of the EU’s allegedly large share of incoming migrants. It also criticises the EU’s cooperation and funding of EU bordering “buffer zone” countries, highlighting the many human rights abuses committed against migrants in these regions. The report concludes that conflict or persecution are some of the main causes forcing people to try cross borders, and urges the EU to ensure that the human rights of migrants are central to border policies in the future. Read the report here.
Sources: Amnesty: News, 9 July 2014; EEPA, 22 July 2014
UN / World Day against Trafficking in Persons
The United Nations designated 30 July 2014 as the first World Day against Trafficking in Persons. The aim is to raise awareness of the plight of the millions of women, men and children who are victims of trafficking worldwide, as well as to encourage people to take action against this crime. On the occasion, the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) published a leaflet with facts and figures on trafficking in human beings and promoted its social media campaign #igivehope. For more information on the world day, click here.
UN / Migrants workers committee adds its voice to the call to end detention of migrant families
The Chair of the of the Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (CMW) issued a statement on Ending Immigration Detention of Children on 3 July 2014, calling upon states to cease the immigration detention of children, and to adopt alternatives to detention that fulfil the best interests of the child and allow children to remain with their family members and/or guardians in non-custodial, community-based contexts while their immigration status is being resolved. Read the statement here.
Source: OHCHR Civil Society Section, News on Treaty Bodies No 26, July 2014
EUROPEAN POLICY DEVELOPMENTS
EU / Juncker’s proposed migration polices for the European Commission
Jean-Claude Juncker was elected as President of the European Commission on 15 July 2014, with 422 votes in favor (250 voted against his appointment, 47 abstained with 10 spoiled ballots). In his speech, “A New Start for Europe: My Agenda for Jobs, Growth, Fairness and Democratic Change”, Juncker called for a new common policy on migration, highlighting recent events in the Mediterranean as evidence that a more humanitarian approach is needed. He stated his intention of entrusting a Commissioner with special responsibilities on migration, and to address not only Member States but also the third countries concerned. The speech stated that irregular migration needed to be addressed more robustly, notably through a greater funding and support of Frontex to “secure Europe’s borders” and prevent the “uncontrolled influx of illegal migrants”. Juncker also vowed to bring those in charge of human trafficking to “justice at every turn”. He made mention of regular migration routes, calling for new policies to address shortages of skills and to make Europe a more popular “destination for talent”.
Source: European Commission Press Release, 15 July 2014; Political Guidelines for the new European Commission
UK / Residence test for legal aid unlawful
The High Court in the UK unanimously found on 15 July 2014 that the government’s plan to apply a residence test for legal aid was discriminatory, unlawful and unjustified by public savings. The judicial review was brought by the Public Law Project (PLP) and was decided on the same day that 33 organisations issued a joint briefing urging the Parliament to reject the measures, which would have deprived the majority of those not having resided in the UK for a minimum of 12 months of the opportunity to obtain legal aid. According to the joint brief and solicitors for the PLP, the test would have effectively withheld legal aid from particularly vulnerable groups of recent residents, including women fleeing domestic violence, pre-school age children, the homeless and victims of trafficking and other crimes.
Sources: The Guardian, 15 July 2014 ; Migrants Rights Network, 15 July 2014 ; Migrants Rights Network, July 2014
EU / REPORT / European conference calls for access to health care for all regardless of status
The European Commission has released its report of the 18 March 2014 conference “Health in Europe, making it fairer”. Addressing health inequalities in Europe, access to health care for undocumented migrants is also featured. The main conclusions of the conference include: reiteration that health is a right; that health equity should be a cross-cutting, explicit and practical axis of all public health activities and plans, of health services and of all other policies which have an impact on social determinants of health; that there should be more investment in health promotion and prevention; that member states should separate health from migration issues (including ensuring that there are no reporting obligations); and that minimum access to health care should be guaranteed for all, regardless of their residence status. Minimum standards should include, at least, treatment of infectious diseases, antenatal, pregnancy and postnatal care, and specialist paediatric care for children. Download the report here.
SWEDEN / Study reveals causes of death of undocumented migrants
Researchers of the Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH) at Uppsala University in Sweden carried out a study of causes of death among undocumented migrants in Sweden between 1997 and 2010. The research was based on death certificates which were issued in the period but never included in the country’s Cause of Death Register (CDR). Although external causes were the main reasons for death among undocumented migrants, the researchers highlighted that unequal access to health care of undocumented migrants compared to residents makes a substantial differences in causes of death. Based on this result, the researchers noted that legal ambiguities regarding health care provision must be addressed if equity in health is to be achieved in a country known for its universal health coverage.
Source: Global Health Action, 3 June 2014
UK / Home Office makes health care dangerous for migrants
The Home Office has used patient records from the NHS’s National Bank Office to track down irregular migrants. A report by the Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) reveals the regularity of this practice. Since 2010 the Home Office has requested more than 12,587 records, and has been granted access in more than 6,900 cases. Under the data protection law, medical records are confidential. However, the Home Office has taken advantage of an exemption for officials to receive information of where and when patients have used health services. The National Crime Agency stressed that they only utilise NHS records for very serious offences. Patients’ and migrants’ rights groups, drawing attention to patient welfare, have argued that some patients will out of fear avoid the health service for themselves and their children posing real health risks.
Source: The Guardian, 13 July 2014
LABOUR AND FAIR WORKING CONDITIONS
GREECE / Court of Patras issues verdict on the shooting of migrant workers in Manolada
After the shooting of 155 Bangladeshi migrant workers during a pay dispute on a strawberry plantation in Manolada, Greece, on 17 April 2013, (see PICUM Bulletin, 17 May 2013) the Greek Mixed Jury Court of Patras issued its final determination on the case on 30 July 2014. The Court acquitted two of the four men on trial for shooting and injuring 35 of the 155 migrant workers. None of the four accused were found guilty of human trafficking, whereas the convicted foreman was handed a jail term of 14 years and seven months for serious bodily harm, while the other received a sentence of eight years and seven months as an accessory to the crime. The decision provoked criticism, both at national level within the Greek Parliament and at EU level. The public prosecutor, Efterpi Koutzamani, requested a copy of the verdict to be handed to the Supreme Court for its review. The Greek Supreme Court will review the decision and consider whether it should be overturned.
Sources: The Guardian, 31 July 2014; The Independent, 31 July 2014; Ekathimerini, 31 July 2014
WEBSITE / Transparency of businesses’ human rights conduct
The non-profit organisation Business & Human Rights Resource Centre (BHR) has launched a multi-lingual website to monitor the human rights conduct of over 5600 companies globally. The website provides information on businesses’ advances in human rights, allegations of human rights abuses, and responses to concerns. In the frame of the full range of human rights issues relating to business, the website addresses labour rights, abuses of migrant workers and the need for regulation and labour rights implementation globally. It is available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Portuguese and Spanish. For more information, visit www.business-humanrights.org.
IRELAND / New legislation to address unpaid wages loophole
The Employment Permits (Amendment) Bill 2014 is due to come into effect on 1 September 2014 and aims to further prevent the exploitation of undocumented migrant workers in Ireland. The new legislation is said to address deficiencies in the previous law, highlighted by the 2012 High Court judgment that overturned a €92,000 award of back pay for an undocumented worker. It allows such exploited workers to take legal action against their employers for unpaid wages and prevents employers from benefitting from the previous un-enforceability of the contract. Furthermore, there are provisions which will allow undocumented workers who had previously held a work permit, but lost it through no fault of their own, to reapply for a new one.
Source: The Journal, 17 June; The Journal, 24 April
MOROCCO / Trafficking and abuse of migrant women
According to reports, sub-Saharan migrant women, mainly from Nigeria, are systematically abused and trafficked on their way to Europe. Most of the women stay in Algeria or Morocco with the aim to reach Melilla and enter Spanish territory. Their traffickers frequently impregnate them with the aim that the women have better chances to be allowed to stay in Spain. Testimonies of migrants living in the woods at the African-Spanish border reveal that women and small children live in these camps with insufficient food and water. According to Carlos Montero, Director of the migrant reception centre (CETI) in Melilla, almost all Nigerian women who arrive from Morocco have experienced sexual abuse. If they are transferred to temporary shelters and other accommodations, the men frequently pick them up there and care workers and charities lose contact with the women. Many women and girls thus end up forced into prostitution.
Source: El País, 18 July 2014
UNDOCUMENTED CHILDREN AND THEIR FAMILIES
BELGIUM / Assistance for undocumented families not dependent on return
The Labour Court in Brugge, Belgium has concluded that the material assistance provided to families with children under the age of 18 residing irregularly in Belgium is not dependent on their cooperation with a return procedure or to be limited in time (until the youngest child turns 18). The Federal Agency for the Reception of Asylum Seekers (Fedasil), which provides the material assistance, has appealed the decision. Read the judgement here (in Dutch).
BOOK / The social and economic lives of young undocumented migrants
“Sans Papiers: The Social and Economic Lives of Young Undocumented Migrants” combines a contemporary account of the theoretical and policy debates around undocumented migration with an in-depth exploration of the lived experiences of undocumented migrants in the UK from Zimbabwe, China, Brazil, Ukraine and Turkish Kurdistan. Built around their voices, the book, by Alice Bloch, Nando Sigona, Roger Zetter, provides an understanding of migratory processes, gendered experiences and migrant aspirations. Moving between the uniqueness of individual experience and the search for commonalities, the book explores the ambiguities and contradictions of being an undocumented migrant. For more information, click here.
JOURNAL / Focus on children and adolescent migrants
The 42th edition of the Revista Interdisciplinar da Mobilidade Humana – REMHU (Interdisciplinary Journal of Human Mobility), covering the period January to June 2014, focuses on children and adolescent migrants in Latin America and Europe. Issues addressed, among others, include the protection of child rights, detention of migrant children, and educational integration. To receive the complete volume, contact firstname.lastname@example.org or access articles in Spanish, Portuguese, English, and Italian here.
UK / High Court ruling on local authority support for destitute families
The High Court has ruled that the London Borough of Newham’s policy on supporting families with no recourse to public funds is unlawful in PO v London Borough of Newham  EWHC 2561 Admin. The claimants are three undocumented children who brought the proceedings via their mother and were represented by Coram Children’s Legal Centre. They challenged Newham’s failure to assess their needs lawfully and its decision to provide £50 per week to meet their and their mother’s subsistence needs. It appeared in the judgment that this defined amount simply reflected rates that “senior management” at the Council had decided should be paid to families who had no access to normal benefits. The Council produced neither a document setting out on what basis these rates were decided, nor a document recording the decision to adopt them or providing reasons for their adoption. The High Court held that the rates derived from child benefits were flawed and should not have been applied to the children. The High Court directed the local authority to reconsider the policy and consider what back payments should be awarded to the children.
Source: Migrant Children’s Project Newsletter, July 2014
USA / Violence driving force of wave of migration of Central American children
In the context of the large numbers of children from Central American countries arriving and being detained in the United States (see PICUM Bulletin 30 June 2014), gang violence and killings of family members have been reported as major reason for the high increase of migrant children arriving in the US. Officials estimated that more than 90,000 children might arrive irregularly in the 2014 fiscal year (compared to 24,493 apprehensions in the 2013 fiscal year). More than half of the top 50 Central American cities from which children are leaving for the United States are in Honduras, including San Pedro Sula, the city with the world’s highest homicide rate, according to United Nations figures. Of those who are deported, several are killed through violence few days later, according to Hector Hernandez, who runs the morgue in San Pedro Sula. Many of the children are unaccompanied but frequently young children are accompanied by their mothers. Their experiences have been featured in multimedia. Meanwhile, the Public Religion Research Institute has conducted a survey to see what the American public’s views are on whether the migrant children should be deported or provided refuge in America. Survey results showed that most in the United States are sympathetic to the children’s case and in favour of reviewing each case and allowing the children to stay in the country while a solution is found.
Sources: Latin Times, 1 August 2014; LexisNexis, 18 August 2014; New York Times, 9 July 2014
REPORT / Improving reception of migrant children in Europe
The International Juvenile Justice Observatory has released a report entitled “Children on the Move, Family Tracing and Needs Assessment – Guidelines for Better Cooperation between Professionals Dealing With Unaccompanied Foreign Children in Europe” which includes detailed national studies on the legal framework and practical services that are available to unaccompanied migrant children in six EU member states: France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain and United Kingdom. The culmination of the NET for U project (Needs Tackling and Networks for Unaccompanied Children integration), the report also includes contributions from speakers at the final project conference held in Brussels on 24 April 2014, including an article from the Platform for International Cooperation on Undocumented Migrants (PICUM) highlighting the challenges faced by undocumented children and the need for a child rights approach to better protect all migrant children. For more information and to view the report, click here.
DETENTION AND DEPORTATION
STUDY / Evidence of detention’s severe impacts on mental health
An Australian human rights commission inquiry has heard alarming figures regarding children’s mental health in detention, as well as evidence from former and current detention centre workers indicating that detention conditions were substandard, unsafe and inappropriate. Dr Peter Young, the former medical Director for mental health for IHMS – the private health care provider in immigration detention – presented statistics showing serious mental health problems of detainees including children. These include that 15% of children in detention on the mainland and on Christmas Island were scored three-four on the HoNOSCA (Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Child and Adolescent mental health) for symptoms of emotional distress – on which a score of two is “clinically significant” according to Dr. Young. Between January 2013 and March 2014 there were 128 incidents of self-harm involving children in Australia, constituting of 62% actual self-harm within the detention centres where children are held.
Source: The Guardian, 31 July 2014
EU / Ruling against use of prison as detention centres for migrants
The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) ruled on 17 July, in its decisions on the joint cases of Bero and Bouzalmate and the case of Pham, against the practice of detaining third-country nationals awaiting their removal in regular prisons. Ms Bero, Mr Bouzalmate and Ms Pham were all held in prisons alongside criminals in Germany. The Court ruled that the use of prisons was not justified even in regions where no special migration detention facility is available or where the individual has consented to be detained in a prison. The judgement follows the provisions of the EU Return Directive which states that any detention of third-country nationals pending their removal should take place in a specialised facility and only in exceptional circumstances may prison facilities be used. The ruling acknowledged that Germany does not have specialised migration detention facilities in all federated states but stated that authorities must nonetheless ensure that third-country nationals are detained in specialised detention facilities, even if located in other federated states. These judgments based on the provisions of the EU Returns Directive follow the Mahdi case, which was decided on 5 June 2014 and concerned procedural standards on reviewing and extending detention. In that case, the CJEU clarified that a lack of identity documents does not in itself justify an extension of an individual’s detention period. The Court also ruled that, should an extension of a person’s detention be warranted, the duration of the extension must not exceed 12 months.
Sources: EU Court of Justice Press Release, 17 June 2014; EU Law Analysis, 21 July 2014
GREECE / Court rules against indefinite detention beyond 18 months
The Athens Administrative Court of First Instance ruled against the indefinite detention of migrants on 23 May 2014. The claim was the first to be brought against Opinion 44/2014 of the Greek State Legal Council, which allowed the extension of detention for measures of compulsory stay in detention centres pending forced or voluntary return. The court found that such measures were not founded on any legislative provisions and were effectively a continuation of detention beyond the 18 month time limit set by the EU Returns Directive. The Afghan migrant concerned in the case had already been detained for the 18 month limit, and should therefore have been released. However many others claim to have also been detained beyond this period, including 137 detainees in the Amygdaleza centre. Following this case, the ECHR also ruled on 26 June 2014 that conditions in such detention centres in Thessaloniki and in Athens constituted inhuman or degrading treatment and were in violation of the European Convention on Human Rights. A shortage of places at migrant detention facilities near Athens has reportedly prompted Greek authorities to increase deportations. According to Greek Police data released on 4 August 2014, the Attica Foreigners Bureau deported 332 undocumented migrants in June 2014 compared to 185 during the same month last year, an increase of 79 percent.
Source: GCR Press Release, 28 May 2014; Asylum Information Database, 3 July 2014; Ekathimerini, 4 August 2014
UK / Parliamentary inquiry into immigration detention
A Parliamentary Inquiry into the use of immigration detention was launched in the UK on 7 July, jointly led by the All Party Parliamentary Group on Refugees and the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Migration. The inquiry is said to focus on the conditions of detention centres, the impact on individual detainees and their families, the wider financial and social consequences and the future role of detention within the immigration system. It has issued an open call for written evidence, to be submitted before 1 October 2014, with a particular reference to individuals who have directly experienced immigration detention centres. The Detention Forum, a network of 30 groups opposed to immigration detention in the UK, is encouraging groups and individuals to make submissions and has published a guide on the matter, which can be viewed here.
Source: Migrants Rights website, 29 July 2014; The Detention Inquiry website; The Detention Forum Website, 29 July
UK / Financial incentives in immigration policy
In order to deport refused asylum seekers, travel documents must be acquired from the respective embassy. The UK Home Office has speeded up this process by providing monetary incentives to embassies around the world. Diplomatic sources in Asia, Africa and the Middle East revealed the pressure to provide the Home Office with travel document faster than the procedure usually takes. These payments are secret and are in some cases four-figure sums per person. They are not included in the Home Office’s annual report and a spokesperson could not establish where the payments come from.
Source: The Guardian, 21 May 2014; The Guardian, 30 May 2014
UK / High Court decision: Detained Fast Track asylum system unlawful
Detention Action, a UK charity supporting individuals detained for immigration purposes, challenged the lawfulness of the Secretary of State for the Home Department’s policy and practice of ‘detained fast track’ (DFT). Detention Action held that the DFT system was ‘so unfair as to be unlawful’, both according to common law and to the European Convention of Human Rights. The Court ruled that the DFT system was indeed unfair and thus unlawful, this on account of its lack of sufficient time for proper legal advice. The Court consequently emphasised that the high risk of unfairness could be removed from the DFT by the early instruction of lawyers.
Source: Detention Action, 9 July 2014; Detention Action v Secretary of State for the Home Department  EWHC 2245 (Admin), full judgment available here.
PUBLICATIONS AND OTHER RESOURCES
REPORT / Questioning negative stereotypes about migration
The Migration Policy Centre presented a report entitled “Is what we hear about migration really true? Questioning eight stereotypes” at a press conference with Commissioner Cecilia Malmström, on 11 July in Brussels. Based on the analysis and rebuttal of eight common migration stereotypes, such as “we don’t need migrants” and “migrants steal our jobs”, the report outlines how a positive attitude toward migration is crucial to Europe’s development and recovery from the crisis. The European Commission noted that the report illustrates how a failure to recognise the role of migration could lead to “an unprecedented reduction in Europe’s demographic weight in the world, the unsustainability of its welfare systems, the ageing of its skills.” The report also refers to potential causes of irregular migration and the political conditions forcing people to risk sea crossings and other dangerous routes to Europe. It highlights how many migrants who survive such journeys would be entitled to international protection upon arrival, contrary to beliefs that they are trying to “cheat our asylum system”. Click here to read the full report , or here to read a summary of the core messages.
Source: Migration Policy Centre, July 2014; European Commission Press Release, 11 July 2014
PUBLICATION / New version of FRA – ECtHR handbook on European law relating to asylum, borders and immigration
The EU Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) and the European Court of Human Rights published an updated version of the joint Handbook on European law relating to asylum, borders and immigration on 27 June 2014. The new version updates the handbook issued in June 2013, including all developments up to 31 December 2013, and is available in ten EU languages. Topics addressed include status, forced returns, detention, restrictions to the freedom of movement, and groups with specific needs such as children and pregnant women as well as a specific section on irregular migration and relevant legal frameworks. The handbook also provides tables and charts listing all relevant EU instruments. The publication is available for download here.
TOOLKIT / Information on engaging in Europe 2020 and the European Semester
The EU Alliance for a Democratic, Social and Sustainable European Semester (Semester Alliance) has published its “Toolkit for Engaging in Europe 2020 and the European Semester” in July 2014. The toolkit explains the European Semester and provides contact details, lists of stakeholders, template letters and a glossary of terms and acronyms. The aim is to assist organisations and other actors to engage in the Europe 2020 Strategy. The Semester Alliance is a broad coalition bringing together major European civil society organisations and trade unions, representing thousands of member organisations on the ground at European, national and local levels in the European Union and is coordinated by the European Anti-Poverty Network (EAPN). To view the toolkit, click here. To find out more about the Semester Alliance, click here.
BELGIUM / Festival dedicated to migrant and refugee children
The Belgian child rights organisation Plate-forme Mineurs en exil – Platform Kinderen op de vlucht will organise a festival dedicated to migrant and refugee children from 19 to 21 September 2014 in Brussels, Belgium. The programme includes games, dance, arts and film for children as well as it addresses the general public to raise awareness of the realities of migrant and refugee children in Belgium. Attendance of the festival is free of cost. To view the event flyer, click here; to view the preliminary programme, click here. More information is also available on the Facebook page.
PORTUGAL / Ending the use of the term ‘illegal’ migrant
The Portuguese publication Fátima Missionária published an article about PICUM’s terminology campaign on accurate and humane language in reference to undocumented migrants. It highlights that the term ‘illegal’ migrant negatively impacts the realities of undocumented migrants.
Source: Fátima Missionária, 7 August 2014
USA / The reality of migrant workers in restaurants
The lifestyle and social action news platform TakePart quotes PICUM on labour conditions of undocumented migrants in an article featuring Bangladeshi migrants working in a restaurant in Slovenia. The article also links to PICUM’s report “Ten Ways to Protect Undocumented Migrant Workers”.
Source: TakePart, 11 August 2014
This newsletter was compiled by PICUM, with contributions from Alexandra Micha and Helena Van Roosbroeck.