PICUM Bulletin— 16 September 2014


  • GREECE / Demand for additional EU aid to protect sea borders

    Greece has called for additional funds from the European Union to handle the increased numbers of irregular migrants who are entering the country, also due to conflicts in Syria and Iraq. Merchant Marine Minister, Miltiadis Varvitsiotis, highlighted the particular challenges faced at a press conference in Athens on 4 September 2014, saying that the number of undocumented migrants intercepted in the Aegean Sea was expected to triple – compared with the same period last year – by the end of 2014. According to ministry data, more than 10,500 people were detained while trying to cross Greece’s sea border in 2013, while 17,000 people, the majority of them Syrians, were arrested in the first eight months of 2014.
    Source: Ekathimerini, 4 September 2014


  • EU COMMISSION / Dimitris Avramopoulos new Commissioner-Designate for Migration and Home Affairs

    Jean-Claude Juncker, the president-elect of the European Commission, revealed on 10 September 2014 the portfolios of the 28 EU Commissioners for the period from 2014 to 2019. Dimitris Avramopoulos is the Commissioner-designate for Migration and Home Affairs. Mr Avramopoulos is a diplomat and was Greece’s Minister for Defence. Critics of his appointment highlighted the ongoing human rights violations of migrants’ rights in Greece. The European Parliament will organise hearings for every Commissioner between 29 September and 3 October before voting whether to approve the whole Commission. Civil society organisations have the opportunity to encourage MEPs to ask new Commissioners certain questions on their future work. Mr Juncker’s assignment of the Commissioner portfolios foresees that seven vice-presidents will be granted significant powers – including the authority to block initiatives from Commissioners under them. To view the new structure of the EU Commission, click here.
    Sources: EurActiv, 11 September 2014; European Voice, 11 September 2014

  • EU COMMISSION / Expanded role of EU border agency Frontex in the Mediterranean

    The EU’s Home Affairs Commissioner, Cecilia Malmström, announced on 27 August 2014 that a new operation in the Mediterranean will be launched by the border control agency, Frontex, before the end of November this year. After news spread that this operation might replace the Mare Nostrum mission launched by Italy in 2013, Commissioner Malmström highlighted on 3 September 2014 that ‘Frontex plus’ will not replace Mare Nostrum, but will be complementary and reliant on member state resources and budget constraints. With Mare Nostrum costing Italy around €9 million a month, the country’s government has put pressure on the EU to ensure a better share of responsibility in the Mediterranean. The final size and costs of ‘Frontex plus’ are still to be defined. Meanwhile, UNHCR reported that a record number of nearly 1,900 migrants have lost their lives in the Mediterranean Sea this year. According to data of the International Organisation of Migration (IOM) and UNHCR, over 124,000 irregular migrants, coming from North Africa, have arrived in Italy, Greece, Spain and Malta this year, up from 60,000 registered in 2013.
    Source: EU Observer, 3 September 2014; The Guardian, 29 August 2014; UNHCR, 26 August 2014

  • COUNCIL OF EUROPE / Call to uphold universal access to health care

    EU Commissioner for Human Rights, Nils Muižnieks, called for universal access to high quality and inexpensive health care on 7 August 2014. He highlighted that access to care has been undermined by austerity measures during the economic crisis and that there needs to be a more people-centred human rights approach. He stated that the universal right to health is guaranteed by several international and European human rights instruments and that the World Health Organisation (WHO) has defined universal coverage as the access of everyone to health care services without suffering financial hardship in paying for them. He specifically mentioned the cuts to health care for undocumented migrants in Spain, who now, in many regions, only have access to emergency care. He also pointed out the fact that many people are being forcibly returned despite health concerns, even when it was unclear whether the necessary treatment would be available in their country of origin. The commissioner also expressed concern for children’s access to health care, referring to the WHO’s warning of the possible life-long effects of extreme poverty on their emotional and physical health. To read the full comment, click here. (French version)


  • BELGIUM / Right to volunteer for limited group of undocumented migrants

    The right to volunteer has been granted to all non-nationals with a residence permit and to some non-nationals without a residence permit that have the right to accommodation. This group includes refused asylum seekers who have had their right to accommodation extended, for example, due to medical reasons, pregnancy or family unity (if another member of the family is still in the asylum procedure). Undocumented families with children under the age of 18 have been excluded from the measure. The law on the rights of volunteers has been in force since January 2007 and defines volunteering as activities which are carried out to benefit one or more persons and is not paid or bound to an employment contract. Before, a residence permit was required for official volunteer engagement. Associations have to cover at least the liability insurance for their volunteers. The Plate-Forme Francophone du Volontariat (French language volunteer platform) ran a campaign from 2012 to 2014, entitled ‘Volunteering for all’ (Volontariat pour tous) to ensure better accessibility to volunteer activities for all citizens. The law is available here (FR/ NL).
    Sources: Plate-forme Mineurs en exil – Platform Kinderen op de vlucht, Newsletter – Nieuwsbrief, April/avril – Juli/juillet 2014; Plate-Forme Francophone du Volontariat, July 2014

  • FRANCE / New migrant center in Calais amidst fear of increasing numbers of irregular migrants

    On 2 September 2014, the creation of a new day center for migrants and a night shelter for women and children in Calais was confirmed after a proposal of the mayor of Calais, Ms Natacha Bouchart in August. According to the Prefect of the Pas-de-Calais region, there was a nearly 50% increase of migrants present in Calais during the first months of 2014. Most of these irregularly arriving migrants are Eritreans, Sudanese and Somalis who are trying to reach the UK. The French Minister of Interior, Bernard Cazeneuve, met with some of his European counterparts in late August 2014 to discuss irregular migration and requested the financial help of UK authorities in Calais and their intervention to convince migrants that they could not reach the UK and have to accept solutions presented to them by the French authorities. The UK subsequently decided in early September 2014 to send the fences used at a NATO summit to Calais in an effort to stop irregular migrants from entering the UK through the French port.
    Sources: Le Monde, 22 August 2014; Le Monde, 28 August 2014 ; The Guardian, 7 September 2014

  • GERMANY / Federal police reports increase in irregular migration

    The President of the German Federal Police, Dieter Romann, noted a steady increase of the number of people entering the country irregularly. On the occasion of the presentation of the federal police’s annual report in mid-August, the police highlighted that about 33,000 irregular entries were registered, which is an increase of almost 27% compared with the previous year. Mr Romann criticised EU refugee and migration policy, saying that the EU does not adequately coordinate flows within the Schengen area. The police also noted that southern border countries such as Italy do not secure the borders efficiently or register asylum seekers. However, Mr Romann emphasised that the police takes no position on the question of whether the EU should receive more or less migrants and refugees. Meanwhile, the Christian Social Union (CSU), a conservative Bavarian sister party of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), demanded that border controls at the German-Austrian border be reintroduced to prevent African migrants who come through Italy to Germany from entering the country. Social democrat policy makers criticised the proposal for promoting a policy of seclusion.
    Source: Die Welt, 14 August 2014; Der Spiegel, 9 September 2014

  • RUSSIA / Moscow City Police raid: 500 undocumented migrants detained

    The Moscow City Police carried out on-site checks to detect undocumented migrants on 19 August 2014 in the Troitsky and Novomoskovsky Administrative Districts of Moscow. Local residents had often reported large numbers of irregular migrants living in the Mosrentgen village. Shopping malls, warehouses and about 100 apartments were searched during the raid.  As a result, the authorities apprehended 500 migrants from Central Asia, checking their documents and work permits, as well as their possible involvement in crimes. About 20 of these people appeared to be subjects of an administrative penalty due to their violation of the regulations in entering the country (art. 18.8 of Russian Administrative Code). Since the beginning of the year the police officers recorded more than 13,600 administrative cases of migration law contravention. In October 2013, the Moscow police had announced weekly raids on apartments allegedly occupied by irregular migrants (See PICUM Bulletin 31 October 2013)
    Source: Moscow City Police news, 19 August 2014

  • UK / Immigration status checks involving private landlords to be implemented in December

    On 3 September 2014, the Home Office announced the introduction of the first phase of the “right to rent” scheme which requires private landlords in the West Midlands to pay fines of up to £3,000 as of December 2014 if they fail to check on the migration status of their new tenants. The measure is part of a package of the 2014 Immigration Act which was announced during the Queen’s speech in 2013 (See PICUM Bulletin, 12 July 2013). According to the Immigration Minister, James Brokenshire, it is both aimed at discouraging undocumented migrants from staying in the UK and at punishing landlords who rent unsafe and substandard accommodation to migrants. The Residential Landlords Association opposed the measure, arguing that checking migration status is the responsibility of the UK Border Agency and private landlords should not be used for immigration law enforcement.
    Source: The Guardian, 3 September 2014


  • SPAIN / NGOs demand Spanish government to reverse restriction on access to health care for undocumented migrants

    To mark the second anniversary of the entry into force of the Spanish Royal Decree Act that restricts access to health care for undocumented migrants (See PICUM Bulletin, 29 May 2012; and PICUM Bulletin, 9 May 2012), a group of NGOs have sent a letter to the Spanish Minister of Health, Ms. Ana Mato, asking her to reverse the legislation and ensure health care for undocumented migrants once again. The organisations Amnesty International Spain, Médicos del Mundo (Doctors of the World), Red Acoge and CERS argue that Spain has failed to fulfil the recommendations of various United Nations instruments and of the Council of Europe, which had called for reform of the decree. Meanwhile, a pregnant migrant woman from Venezuela did not receive treatment in a hospital near Alicante, Spain, on 9 July 2014, because she did not agree to pay a 180 euro fee for not having her health card in order. She later returned and signed the document, but had suffered a miscarriage.
    Source: Europa Press, 3 September 2014; El País, 2 September 2014

  • SURVEY / aMASE survey for wide distribution

    The aMASE organisation (advancing Migrant Access to Health Services in Europe) has launched a survey to further their aim of gaining a better understanding of the barriers to health care for migrants living in Europe. The study is available in 14 languages and open to anyone aged 18 or over and living outside their country of birth. The survey is open until the end of the year and is available here: www.amase.eu. aMASE is part of the EuroCoord project and funded by the European Union.
    For more information read the UCL press release here or see the information sheet.

  • UK / Home Office accessing undocumented migrants’ NHS records

    In July 2014 an independent report revealed that the Home Office has been given access to the National Health Service (NHS) records of more than 6,900 people since 2010, as part of its search for undocumented migrants living in the UK. The access was granted under an exemption to the Data Protection Act, which allowed the Home Office without the need for a court order to view where people have made use of health service and when, but not the details of the clinical conditions or medical attention they received. Designed to facilitate the pursuit of serious crime, the number of Home Office requests has since overtaken that of police forces in 2014. The revelation has troubled patients’ groups who stated that such use of NHS records by immigration and law enforcement officials could deter people from seeking treatment for themselves or their families.
    Source: The Guardian, 13 July 2014; IRR News 11-17 July 2014

  • UK / Department of Health publishes plans to charge migrant and visitor patients

    On 14 July, the Department of Health published its two step plan for cost recovery of National Health Service (NHS) treatment of visitors and migrants. The more controversial of the two approaches is a plan to introduce a statutory requirement for NHS providers to charge visitors or migrants from non-EEA (European Economic Area) countries directly. This comes at a time when the government has changed the definition of those covered by ‘ordinary resident’ status to exclude all without ‘indefinite leave to remain’. New charges introduced include those for primary medical services and other primary care services such as pharmacy, optics and dentistry. It is also thought that charges for GP and nurse consultations will be introduced for non-EEA migrants in the coming months under the Immigration Act 2014. The other approach of the Cost Recovery Programmeinvolves making greater use of systems aimed at recovering costs from the home countries of EEA patients’ (non-resident in the UK).
    Source: MRN, 14 July 2014


  • RUSSIA / Large protest of Tajik migrants against working conditions planned for October in Moscow

    Karomat Sharipov, the leader of the movement “Tajik Labour Migrants”, announced that the Tajik migrant workers, including undocumented migrants, are planning a mass-meeting of about 100.000 people in October in Moscow. The migrants aim to protest against the employers and owners of the food markets who, according to them, maintain slavery-like working conditions. Migrants reported that their salaries were not paid, employers lock them up and take their documents away. Moreover, the protesters want to call attention to political prisoners of Tajikistan held in Russia.  The event is expected to meet with anti-immigrant sentiments among residents but the movement’s leader believes that some Russians may also join the rally.
    Source: IZVESTIA, 20 August 2014

  • UK / Supreme Court ruling: Discrimination claim upheld despite illegal work contract

    The UK Supreme Court issued its judgment in the case of “Hounga v Allen and another” on 30 July 2014. The case concerned a discrimination claim presented by Miss Hounga, an undocumented Nigerian national residing in the UK. Miss Hounga was subjected to serious physical abuse and threats while being employed for 18 months as a domestic worker by Mrs Allen. After being violently evicted from her house by her employer, Miss Hounga submitted a discrimination claim against her employer. The UK Supreme Court unanimously ruled that Miss Hounga’s discrimination claim could be admissible, as the illegality of the contract due to her irregular status was not sufficiently linked to the act of discrimination to defeat the claim. The full judgment is available here.


  • USA / Undocumented mothers particularly vulnerable

    The estimated 5.4 million undocumented women living in the United States are particularly vulnerable to both gender and migration-status discrimination and face major challenges in relation to child care, employment opportunities, working conditions and medical care. The recent surge of undocumented children from Central American countries apprehended at the US-Mexico border (See PICUM Bulletin, 25 August 2014) triggered a debate on how to deal with unaccompanied children but largely neglected the challenges undocumented mothers, sometimes pregnant, face. According to reports based on interviews with directors of migrant shelters, about 80 percent of Central American girls and women are raped along their way to the US. Meanwhile, in late August 2014, undocumented mothers stood up for their rights in New York, calling on President Barack Obama to keep his promise for executive action on immigration reform. The action was mobilised largely via social media.
    Sources: Women News Network, 1 September 2014; Truthout, 15 August 2014; Fusion, 10 September 2014


  • REPORT / New report on quality legal assistance for unaccompanied children

    A comparative report examining the legislation and practice for access to legal assistance for unaccompanied children in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom has been released by the European Council on Refugees and Exiles in July 2014. The report entitled “Right to Justice: Quality Legal Assistance for Unaccompanied Children” demonstrates that even though legal assistance is provided for by law in a number of migration and asylum procedures, it is rarely available in cases where the age of the person is disputed or during an age assessment. It highlights that unaccompanied children face a number of obstacles in accessing legal assistance, such as a lack of information or support, and that despite a number of positive initiatives and individual good practices, even when assistance is provided, quality is affected in a number of countries by systemic factors, such as limited funding or the absence of interpretation. You can download the report and view the findings per country here.

  • USA / Department of Homeland Security report rebuffs claims of migrant abuse

    On 2 September 2014, the inspector general of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) released a report countering the claims of “systematic abuse” against undocumented child migrants. Since October 2013, US migration authorities have intercepted an approximated 60,000 unaccompanied or separated children, mostly originating from Central American countries such as Honduras and El Salvador, as they have tried to make their way into the United States. This situation has led President Obama to declare a ‘humanitarian crisis’ at the Southern border of the country (see PICUM Bulletin, 25 August 2014). While border officials were overwhelmed by this unforeseen ‘surge’ of unaccompanied children, 116 children reported being subjected to verbal abuse, denied medical care and held in “unsanitary, overcrowded and freezing cold cells” and filed a complaint; 4 of them reported incidents of physical abuse. These accusations were investigated by the general inspection of the DHS and resulted in the publication of this new report, which states that the allegations of maltreatment could not be substantiated and that detention conditions in border stations have improved greatly since mid-July. Advocates remain, however, unconvinced and have expressed their disappointment with these findings as they continue to receive reports of abuse by detained children.
    Source: The New-York Times, 2 September 2014


  • LEBANON / THAILAND / Human Right Watch reports on children’s rights

    The organisation Human Rights Watch (HRW) has expressed concern about undocumented children’s rights in recently published resources. HRW launched a report on immigration detention of children in Thailand on 2 September 2014. The report ‘‘Two Years with No Moon’: Immigration Detention of Children in Thailand,’ shows that migrants can be held indefinitely and lack reliable mechanisms to appeal their detention, making the use of immigration detention arbitrary. The report addresses how immigration detention conditions are particularly prejudicial for children, endangering their physical and mental health. On 3 September 2014, HRW relayed information from NGOs in Lebanon reporting that migration officials are implementing a new directive with regards to children born in Lebanon to migrant workers. Since May 2014, Lebanon’s security agency in charge of foreigners’ entry and residency, General Security, has denied residency permit renewals for low-wage migrants with children in Lebanon, and for the children themselves. Some migrant workers have had to send their children back to their country of origin and be separated from them in order to keep their job in Lebanon. According to local NGOs, migrant workers who were affected by the new directive so far appeared to be mostly migrant workers in low-paid sectors such as agriculture and domestic work.
    Sources: HRW, 3 September 2014; CNN, 2 September 2014; HRW, 2 September 2014

  • NETHERLANDS / Council of State upholds that children’s best interests should be considered in decisions to detain parents

    In a case of a man who challenged the extension of his detention for immigration purposes in September 2012 because of the psychological impacts his detention was having on his daughter, the Council of State has found that the child’s best interests should be considered. It therefore denied the State’s appeal and upheld the earlier judgement that ruled that the father should no longer be detained (ABRvS, 201404342/1, 23.7.14).
    Source: Stichting LOS, Newsletter Volume 4 No. 18, 1 September 2014

  • SPAIN / Migrants whose final repatriation is attainable can be detained

    The Spanish police approved a new circular that sets out assessment criteria for migrants to be detained in Centres for Identification and Expulsion (CIE). According to the new rules, petitions to the courts should reflect the personal, social and family situation of migrants as well as the viability that the repatriation can be accomplished. The aim of this new rule is to optimize the capacity of the CIEs and to ensure that detention leads to deportation. Among the personal circumstances that will be taken into account before taking the decision to detain a person, are family ties, if a person has an address in Spain or children at their charge, if a woman is pregnant, the consequences that the deportation would have for the respective person or their family as well as other links with Spain or their country of origin. The Spanish police noted precautionary measures, other than detention, which could be adopted, including the individual’s regular presentation in front of a supervisor or the withdrawal of a person’s documents.
    Source: Madridiario, 27 July 2014

  • UK / New project to provide support to young migrant ex-offenders at risk of indefinite detention

    Detention Action has launched a project to address and provide an alternative to the indefinite detention of young migrants in the UK. In particular, migrant ex-offenders frequently experience the longest periods of immigration detention, because they are not provided with any support on release, and the Home Office therefore argues that the risk of them absconding or reoffending is high and they should remain in detention. Starting in 2015, the project will address this risk, and aims to demonstrate that with reintegration support, ex-offender migrants rarely abscond or reoffend, and therefore that the long-term detention of ex-offenders with barriers to removal is unnecessary. Detention Action will provide intensive case management support to 30 young (aged under 30) migrants per year, addressing their individual needs through one-to-support as well as training, and will facilitate their participation in a self-advocacy group.
    Source: International Detention Coalition, International Detention Monitor Issue 49: July/August 2014

  • UK / Call for inquiry into death in detention

    The circumstances of the death of a 26-year-old detainee at Morton Hall immigration detention centre on 5 September 2014 were put into question when conflicting versions for the cause of death were given by the Home Office and his fellow detainees. Rubel Ahmed who was originally from Bangladesh was held in the Lincolnshire removal centre. The East Midlands ambulance service NHS trust stated that they sent an ambulance on Friday night and that the patient was declared dead at the scene. The family only heard about the death on Saturday morning after a fellow detainee contacted Ahmed’s solicitor and were told by the Home Office that he had committed suicide. However, the official version was put into question when fellow detainees reported that Ahmed had been complaining to suffer from chest pain and had been calling for help after the doors had been locked for the night. Family members and fellow detainees described Rubel Ahmed as a friendly, polite and shy man. The Immigration Minister, James Brokenshire, released a statement to investigate the case.
    Source: The Guardian, 7 September 2014

  • USA / Lawyers confirm that President Obama has legal authority to protect undocumented migrants from deportation

    Over 100 immigration lawyers in the United States have signed a letter to President Barack Obama on 3 September 2014 arguing that he has expansive legal authority to act to temporarily protect additional groups from deportation. In conclusion, the lawyers argue that the Obama administration has the legal authority to use prosecutorial discretion as a tool for managing resources and protecting individuals residing in and contributing to the United States in meaningful ways. The lawyers’ conclusion indicates that President Obama might expand the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) to other groups such as irregular migrants who are parents of US citizens. ’DACA’ is a memorandum authored by the Obama administration on June 15, 2012, which temporarily protects young irregular migrants who came to the United States as children from deportation. Meanwhile, a survey conducted by the Wall Street Journal and NBC in September, found that 35% of U.S. citizens think that the Republican Party would do a better job on irregular migration versus 27% who favour the Democrats’ proposal for a path to citizenship (compared to. December 2013 when 31% favoured Democrats and 26%, Republicans in respect to handling irregular migration).
    Sources: The Washington Post, 3 September 2014; The Wall Street Journal, 9 September 2014

  • USA / Nation’s largest family detention centre to open in Texas

    A 2,400-bed detention centre that will house undocumented families awaiting deportation is due to open near San Antonio, Texas. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) officials told the monthly magazine. The centre will be run by Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) the largest for-profit corrections company in the US. The company, which operates more than 60 detention centres and prisons across the country, has been accused of inmate abuse, falsifying official records and aggressive lobbying tactics. A provision in the Department of Homeland Security’s spending plan, known as the “bed mandate”, requires law enforcement officials to hold an average of 34,000 immigrants in detention each day. This provision is also said to benefit the for-profit correction companies. On 7 July 2014, over 100 criminal justice, legal, migrant and children’s rights organisations addressed the Department of Homeland Security in an open letter to express their concern about plans to expand family detention.
    Source: The Guardian, 6 September 2014


  • EDUCATIONAL GUIDE / Addressing irregular migration in the classroom

    The Platform for International Cooperation on Undocumented Migrants (PICUM) has launched a new guide to educate about the realities undocumented migrants face across Europe. The teaching guide, which is available in English, French and Spanish, shows how PICUM’s web documentary ‘Undocumentary’ (www.undocumentary.org), which showcases the daily realities faced by undocumented migrants living in Europe, may be used in the classroom. It includes an introduction to the issue of irregular migration, detailed background information on featured characters, exercises and activities for school-aged children of various age groups, university students and adults, as well as foreign language students with different learning objectives, and a range of additional materials and suggested resources. To view the guide, please click here.

  • MEDIA GLOSSARY / Terminology definitions and guidelines for reporting on migration

    A “Media-Friendly Glossary on Migration” was officially presented by the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations (UNAOC) and Panos Europe Institute (IPE) during the UNAOC Sixth Global Forum in Bali on 29 August 2014. The glossary’s aim is to ensure accurate language on migration in the media and to provide explanations on definitions to journalists and editors. The glossary is the result of a year-long project supported by the Open Society Foundations. United Nations Alliance of Civilizations (UNAOC) and Panos Europe Institute reached out to a scientific committee composed of eight international and civil society organisations working in the field of migration to draft the first version of this glossary. The definitions provided by these ogranisations were subsequently reviewed by an editorial committee of media professionals, specialised in migration. The media glossary is available for download here.

  • SURVEY / Transatlantic Trends address public opinion on irregular migration

    The German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF) launched its Transatlantic Trends survey for the year 2014 in Brussels, Belgium on 10 September 2014. The survey is based on interviews with 1,000 persons in 10 EU countries, the US, Russia and Turkey and inquires public opinion on the economy, the transatlantic relationship between Europe and the US including security cooperation as well as migration including irregular migration. The key findings showed that 45% of Americans felt irregular migrants should be offered a path to citizenship while 27% thought they should be returned to their country of origin. A majority in Europe (56%) expressed concern about migration from outside of Europe. Among Greek respondents 84% stated to be concerned about migration from outside the EU.
    Source: German Marshall Fund of the United States, 10 September 2014


  • EU / ‘Istanbul Convention’ can help protect undocumented migrant women from violence

    Equal Times reported on the entry into force of the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence, also known as the ‘Istanbul Convention’ and mentioned PICUM’s work for the promotion of rights of undocumented women and strategies to address violence against undocumented women.
    Source: Equal Times, 1 September 2014

  • SPAIN / Using web documentary on undocumented migration in the classroom

    The Spanish blog, ‘Políticas Internacionales de Migración’ covered the release of PICUM’s educational guide on how to use the web documentary ‘Undocumentary’ in the classroom, referring in particular to the Spanish version of the publication.
    Source: Políticas Internacionales de Migración, 1 September 2014

  • SWEDEN / Criticism on restrictive EU labour policy

    The Swedish daily Svenska Dagbladet published an article on criticisms of a restrictive EU labour market policy. The article focused more generally on labour migration and mentions PICUM’s work and that contemporary political rhetoric reinforces the image of migrants as a threat.
    Source: Svenska Dagbladet, 26 August 2014


    This newsletter was compiled by PICUM, with contributions from Asya Pisarevskaya.

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